Gum Disease

Why Gum Disease is More Serious Than You Think

Did you know that gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, affects roughly 70% of Canadians at some point in their life? Gum disease is often “brushed off” and the effect that it could have on your overall health and well-being is sorely underestimated. We are here to educate and inform you about the biggest threat to your dental health – gum disease.

What Is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is the infection of tissues that surround your teeth and provide support in order to hold your teeth in place. It has several stages that originate from the accumulation of plaque. In its early stage – gingivitis, the gums are typically red, swollen, and are susceptible to bleeding. If not treated at this point, the second stage of periodontal disease comes with more severe complications. Exacerbation of gingivitis brings the onset of periodontitis, which results in the exposure of the gums, teeth, and bone to a host of bacteria. If not urgently treated, it can cause permanent damage and can lead to tooth loss.

Gum Disease Illustration
Woman with Dental Pain

What Causes Gum Disease?

The most common contributor to the onset of gum disease is poor oral hygiene. If your oral health is neglected, it can result in the accumulation of bacterial plaque on and around the teeth. When plaque is not removed, it hardens and causes inflammation of the surrounding gum tissues as an immune response.

Other Risk Factors:

  • Smoking & Drug Use
  • Genetics or Family History
  • Hormonal Changes (Puberty, Pregnancy, Menopause)
  • Chronic Diseases (Diabetes, Cancer, HIV)
  • Poor Nutrition
  • Stress
  • Old Age

What Are The Symptoms Of Gum Disease?

Symptoms in the early stages of gum disease are usually hard to notice or identify. Indicators of gum disease often are pointed out by a dentist during regular check-ups – all the more reason to schedule frequent teeth cleaning appointments. Although symptoms of gum disease may be hard to spot, there are some indicators:

  • Tender & Swollen Gums
  • Loose Teeth
  • Bright Red Inflamed Gums
  • Perpetual Bad Breath
  • Bleeding Gums (From Brushing/Flossing)
Dentist finds Gum Disease
Oral Hygiene Essentials

How To Prevent Gum Disease

The good news is, gum disease is completely preventable. Your best defence against periodontal disease is a consistent and healthy oral hygiene routine. An optimal dental hygiene regime should include brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing at least once a day, and getting regular dental cleanings – minimum once every six months.

Brushing and flossing regularly removes buildups of plaque and cleans the food that gets stuck in between your teeth and gums. Consider purchasing an electric toothbrush as they are more effective at reducing plaque and gingivitis. Lastly, we recommend a therapeutic mouthwash to help remove any remaining food particles left in your mouth after brushing and flossing.

If you are in need of a check-up or need some additional guidance for your oral hygiene routine, contact us today to speak with our expert team of dentists!

How Bad Can Gum Disease Get?

It’s important to set regular check-ups with your dentist to maintain proper oral health. If diagnosed early, gum disease can be treated without any complications. If left untreated, the ramifications can be quite severe.

Among the milder consequences is permanent damage to teeth and gums that can result in tooth loss. The bacteria from acute periodontal disease can also cause bone resorption – the degradation of your jaw bone.

Research has also shown that gum disease can lead to more significant health issues from the bacteria entering your bloodstream. Gum disease is associated with an increased risk in:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart Disease
  • Respiratory Disease
  • Arthritis
Gum Disease

When’s the last time you had your teeth cleaned? Our dental and periodontal experts can help prevent, diagnose, and treat periodontal disease. Contact us today to schedule an appointment!


A modern, centrally located dental office that employs some of the most advanced dental equipment and instrument sterilization techniques makes Preston Dental Centre a unique health care facility. The warm inviting offices, natural light in every room and professional staff will all confirm that PDC is unlike any dental office you have visited before.

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